IV Имя прилагательное и наречие

Вы вспомнили правила образования степеней сравнения имен прилагательных и наречий.

short – shorter – the shortest

pretty – prettier – the prettiest

fat – fatter – the fattest

beautiful – more beautiful – the most beautiful

good – better – the best

early – earlier – the earliest

Не забудьте, что перед именем прилагательным или наречием в превосходной степени всегда ставится определенный артикль the.

V Глагол

Present Simple

Вы разобрали настоящее простое время, которое используется, когда мы приводим какой-нибудь факт, рассказываем о регулярном, привычном действии.

Оно образуется от первой формы глагола без окончания или с окончанием –s в третьем лице единственного числа.

Для образования вопросов и отрицаний здесь мы используем вспомогательный глагол do (does).

My mother worksas a nurse.

Does my mother workas a nurse?

My mother doesn’t work as a teacher.

Present Continuous

Также вы повторили настоящее продолженное время, которое используется, когда мы говорим о действии, происходящем в данный момент или в более широкий отрезок времени, но связанном с данным моментом.

Оно образуется от настоящего времени вспомогательного глагола to be и смыслового глагола с окончанием –ing.

They are dancing now.

Are they dancing?

They are not dancing.

Revision exercises

Complete the sentences with the words in brackets. Use either Present Simple or Present Continuous.

a) His parents (not beleive) _____ _____ his story.

b) (like, Maria) _____ _____ love stories?

c) Don’t shout! I (listen) _____ _____ to news.

d) What (you, think) _____ _____ of this book?

e) I always (get) _____ _____ up at 6.30 a.m.

f) (you, understand) ______ ______ me?

g) I (have) _____ _____ two elder sisters.

h) Our city (be) _____ _____ very beautiful.

i) She never (take) _____ _____ a taxi.

j) We (grow) _____ _____ lots of fruits in our orchard this year.

2 Put in a/an or the.

a) Where is John? He is in _____ yard.

b) What is _____ largest city in Russia?

c) I loved my visit to Paris. _____ hotel was wonderful!

d) Go to _____ city center! It’s nice there.

e) Give me _____ book! That one on the right.

f) _____ university was full of students and their parents.

Compare yourself with your neighbor in 5 sentences.

Example: I am older than Ramil.

My hair is darker than his.

Questions on the topic

1. Is your family big or small?

2. How many are you?

3. What is your surname?

4. How old are you?

5. Who is the head of your family?

6. What is your father?

7. What is your mother?

8. Do you have brothers or sisters?

9. Do you have many relatives?

10. Where do you study? Do you like it?

11. Do you miss your family?

12. Where do you come from?

13. Describe your mother’s physical appearance.

14. What is your ideal of a boy/girl?

15. Do you like men with moustaches?

16. Do you live in a house or in a flat?

17. What is better?

18. How many rooms do you have?

19. Is your kitchen big?

20. What furniture do you have in your living-room?

21. Do you know Ufa well?

22. What do you like best here?

23. Do you often take public transport?

24. How long does it take you to get to the University?

25. What number bus do you take?

26. Describe the way from the University to your home.

27. Do you think traffic is heavy in Ufa?

28. What street is our University in?

29. Do you often take a taxi?

30. What is better: to live in a city or in the country?

III My day

Unit 1 Student’s day

Read the following text and translate it into Russian.

My day

I get up at 7 o’clock in the morning. After brushing my teeth, I do my morning exercises, wash and dress. Then I have my breakfast. At 8, I leave home and go to the University. Our hostel is situated near the University, so I am there in 10 minutes. Some students live far from the University, so they take a bus or a trolley or even a taxi bus not to be late.

Our classes begin at 8.30 a.m. Usually we have one or two lectures, a seminar and a practical lesson in the laboratory. Once or twice a week we have English. During our English lessons, we read texts, do translations, ask and answer questions, and do all sorts of exercises. We want to learn English well and many students of our University want to go abroad either for work or for higher studies. Some also want to work in England during summer holidays.

At 12 p.m. I usually have lunch at the students’ canteen. After classes I sometimes stay at the University and work in one of the reading halls. I can find practically every necessary book on any subject there, so I don’t need to visit a city library. I study hard because good education is valuable nowadays.

When I return to my hostel I am usually tired, so I have a short rest and cook supper. Then I do my homework. At 11 o’clock I go to bed.

Sunday is my day off. I get up later than usual. I needn’t hurry anywhere on this day and I like it very much. On Sundays, I prefer to go to cinema or theatre in fall, to the skating rink in winter, to the park in spring, and to the riverside in summer. If I have free time during the week I visit my friends, read books, go for a walk, or listen to music.

A student’s life is rather busy these days but we try to find time for work and for fun.

Vocabulary

abroad заграница
busy занятый
canteen, cafeteria столовая
day off выходной
education образование
either … or или …или
higher studies высшее образование
necessary необходимый
neither … nor ни …ни
nowadays сейчас, в наши дни
rather довольно, скорее
skating rink каток
subject предмет
taxi bus маршрутное такси
to be situated располагаться, находиться
to be tired устать
to brush чистить щеткой
to do morning exercises – did - done делать зарядку
to find – found - found находить
to get up – got - got вставать, подниматься
to have breakfast (lunch, dinner, supper) – had - had завтракать (обедать, ужинать)
to hurry торопиться, спешить
to leave – left - left покидать, оставлять
to prefer предпочитать
to rest отдыхать
to return возвращаться
to stay оставаться
translation перевод
valuable ценный

Рп

Pronunciation


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